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Discovery Links


The term “aitô-ops” literally meaning “burnt faces” was the sentence used by the ancient Greeks to describe people living beyond the known lands of southern Egypt. In contact with Egyptian civilization, the Greeks have gradually expanded their knowledge by discovering the emergence beyond Upper Nile in various kingdoms of Ethiopian as the Nubian Kingdom with its capital at Meroe and the kingdom of Axum. Later the romans appoint Aethiopia this country.


In the tenth century BC, the Nubian kingdom is under Egytian rule. The trend is reserved in the early eight century BC when the Ethiopians conquered Egypt in turn until 713 BC. Thus there is, the fifteen dynasties of Kings of Egypt or rather should we say the Ethiopian Nubian dynasty.


Over the centuries, the ancient Nubian loses its importance in favor of the kingdom of Axum, which now becomes the true kingdom of Ethiopia, the forerunner of Empire of Abyssinia.


In the tenth century BC, the kingdom of the Queen of Sheba is shared between the territory of Ethiopia and south Yemen. The prosperity of his kingdom is based on the culture of a dozen herbs, the main one myrrh and frankincense. It is worth recalling that in ancient times, frankincense and myrrh were among the most sought after products in the Mediterranean world.


The song of the songs refers the rise of desert caravans “as a column of smoke, steam myrrh, frankincense and all exotic flavors “to meet King Salomon in the land of Israel. This meeting will be born a son named Menelik the first. History will designate as the direct descendant of the Jewish minority in Ethiopia: The Falashas


A few centuries later, the kingdom of Axum receives a major transformation of the system due to maritime trade between the Roman Empire and India. The Red sea is therefore a must for the merchant sailing ships calling at the port of Axum Adulius.


The kingdom of Aksum adopted Christianity during the reign of King Ezana. It is also the first king to mint coins of his kingdom by a cross. At its peak, Aksum controlled northern Ethiopia, Eritrea, Sudan, Southern Egypt, Djibouti, Yemen and Southern Saudi Arabia.


There are so many things to say about Ethiopia that if you want to learn more about ancient and contemporary history of this country, we suggest you to discover Ethiopia as you’ve never seen, through several books.


These books are free to download on the toolbar “google books “ in respect of the autors :

-          Discovery of Ethiopia” at wonderful country of prester John” Guide Olizane

-          History of Ethiopia from Axum to revolution by Abebe Berhanou – Edition maisonneuve & Larose

-          Fascinating Ethiopia, Eritrea stunning by Pierre Macaire

-          Ethiopia under the direction of contemporary by Gerard Prunier

-     Harar, an Ethiopian muslim city by Philippe Revault & Serge Santelli – Edition Maisonneuve & Larose.

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